Saturday, March 17, 2012

Blog marathon: 50 blogs on learning theorists over next 50 days

Why no heroes?
Over the next 50 days I plan to blog 50 separate pieces on learning theorists. Despite education and training’s central role in society, its intellectuals are not well known. Few can name more than a handful of candidates for the Hall of Fame. Unlike sport, politics, philosophy, literature, music, painting, film, business or science, learning practitioners have a sketchy idea of the contributions and theories of their intellectual leaders.
Most physicists know of Newton, Einstein and Hawking. Most artists know of Michelangelo, Rembrandt and Picasso. Most musicians know of Beethoven, Mozart and the Beatles. Businessmen know of Andrew Carnegie, Henry Ford and Bill Gates. Even criminals would know of Guy Fawkes, Jack the Ripper and the Boston Strangler. Yet most learning professionals have at best a sketchy idea of learning theory and the minds that have shaped this theory, and practice.
Progress?
In the history of learning, we find that learning is doomed, not so much to repeat itself, but to remain stuck in an ancient groove, that of simple lectures and classroom learning. This is still the dominant method of delivery, yet there is little or no evidence to show that it is effective. Almost everything in the theory and psychology of learning tells us that it is wrong to rely so heavily on this single method of delivery. The history of learning theory has had to be ignored to accommodate this lazy approach to practice. It seems to have been willingly ignored to protect, not learners, but the bad habits of those who teach.
More pedagogic change in last 10 years than last 1000 years
I have argued that there has been more pedagogic progress in the last 10 years than the last 1000 years but we could just as well say the last 2,500 years, going back to the Greeks. The history of learning theory and practice has not proceeded in an orderly fashion, like science. Like a river delta, there’s a rough sense of direction and progress, with lots of tributaries, some run dry, other run into other tributaries, some switch back and so on.
In an effort to explain our predecessors, warts and all, this series of portraits will take look at the people who shaped learning theory and practice over the centuries. They have all played a role in shaping (some mis-shaping) the learning landscape. Our theorists are major thinkers who have reflected on the large-scale issues around learning and education. The practitioners have more direct relevance, as their advice is wholly relevant to the design of e-learning programmes.
The format is simple. Over the next fifty days I will present fifty major shapers and movers in learning, theorists, practitioners and those directly relevant to e-learning.



LEADERS  IN LEARNING
GREEKS
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle

RELIGIOUS LEADERS
Jesus
Mohammed

ENLIGHTENMENT
Locke
Rousseau
Wollstonecraft

PRAGMATISTS
James
Dewey

MARXISTS
Marx
Gramsci
Althusser

BEHAVIOURISTS
Pavlov
Skinner
Bandura

CONSTRUCTIVISTS
Piaget
Bruner
Vygotsky

HUMANISTS
Maslow
Rogers
Illich
Gardener

SCHOOLS
Montessori
Friere
Steiner

INSTRUCTIONALISTS
Ebbinghaus
Harris
Mazur
Black & William
30

25 E-LEARNING
TECHNOLOGY ANALYSTS
McLuhan
Postman
Schank
Kelly
Shirky

GAMES
Prensky
Gee

USABILITY & EVALUATION
Norman
Nielsen
Krug

MEDIA & DESIGN
Mayer & Clark
Reeves & Nass

INFORMAL LEARNING
Csikszentmihalyi
Cross
Zuckerburg

INTERNET LEARNING
Page & Brin
Bezos
Hurley & Chen

INTERNET CONTENT
Sperling
Wales
Khan

OPEN SOURCE
Torvalds
Moodle guy

10 TRAINING?
Bloom
Biggs
Bateson
Belbin
Mager
Gagne
Kolb
Kirkpatrick

They are by no means the only people who have contributed to the field, but they’re a pretty representative group. I have taken a particular tack in these pen portraits, examining their relevance to the future of learning.
First up tomorrow SOCRATES.

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32 Comments:

Anonymous David said...

Hi Donald,

Great idea. I'll be reading. You might be interested in this page I made - for my Philosophy of Education students. http://community.eflclassroom.com/page/educational-thinkers

4:36 PM  
Blogger Paul Hollins said...

Yes great idea Donald I look forward to your reflections over the coming weeks ....

5:49 PM  
Anonymous Anna Varna said...

Fantastic idea, I'll be reading too! Reading your list I found out I have read extensively about some, little about some others and almost nothing on a couple. Does this say something about my preferences, and style of learning/teaching?

6:59 AM  
Anonymous Seb Schmoller said...

Donald. Inspired idea. You should look for sponsorship on a "per post" basis. Seriously. Barnsley Hospice? The Open Rights Group? Médecins sans Frontières? Reprieve? ALT and ELN even? Seb

9:16 AM  
Anonymous Paul Hannay said...

Wow! A big job Donald.

Loved your first post on Socrates.

I like that I always learn something new and interesting from your posts. But I guess that's the entire idea! :-)

Looking forward to the rest of the series...

1:10 PM  
Blogger DebbieFuco said...

Love learning about 'learning,' especially theories, ideologies, and philosophies. I will be following your blog, however, I am a little disappointed that the social reconstructivists, such as Freire, are not being discussed. Freire is one of my favorites because he championed the idea that learning is social, which is so applicable today considering social media's place in the education conversation. It is also applicable to project based learning (PBL), as he spoke of the student-teacher, teacher-student model of each learning with a from each other. I think Freire definitely has a place at this table. Please don't take that as criticism because I know you can't please everyone. I am really looking forward to reading your blog for the next 50 days. Thank you!

1:14 PM  
Blogger Donald Clark said...

Thanks Paul much appreciated.

1:15 PM  
Blogger Donald Clark said...

OK Debbie it's up to 51. That's what this exercise is about suggestions, comments and discussion.

1:17 PM  
Blogger DebbieFuco said...

Great! I know what I'll be doing for the next 51 days! Thanks, again!

1:35 PM  
Anonymous Seb Schmoller said...

If you are open to suggestions you should consider Dylan Wiliam and Paul Black probably as a duo. You might want to think about Aaron Sloman too.

1:49 PM  
Anonymous Joe Kirby said...

Hi Donald,

Could you include the groundbreaking, explosive implications from cognitivist science?

Dan Willingham has summarised the evidence from thirty years of scientific research into how the brain learns - I'd recommend his book 'Why Don't Students Like School' for a blog post.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Why-Dont-Students-Like-School/dp/047059196X/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1332099435&sr=1-1

7:40 PM  
Anonymous Kris Boulton said...

Great idea Donald, but like Debbie, I'm disappointed to see some glaring omissions.

There's nothing I can see in the list from Cognitivist theory. Key discoveries from neuroscience over the past 20 years give profound insight into how the brain learns, and inform effective instructional methods. Their omission is particularly disappointing given the dearth of awareness already present in the UK establishment of this cutting edge research.

I would suggest cognitive scientist Daniel Willingham, author of 'Why don't students like school', and E. D. Hirsch, creator of the Core Knowledge curriculum which, having been adopted by the US state of Massachusetts, has seen it propelled to the top of national league tables, such that on the 2005 NAEP tests, Massachusetts ranked first in the nation in fourth- and eighth-grade reading and fourth- and eighth-grade maths. It then repeated the feat in 2007. No state had ever scored first in both grades and both subjects in a single year—let alone for two consecutive test cycles.

7:42 PM  
Blogger Donald Clark said...

Thanks guys. I'll look into this. Looks like I'll have to extend the run.

8:25 PM  
Blogger BobRay said...

The only way to compare the effectiveness of methods based on the various theories is with a standardized test (in the scientific, not political sense). Since we can't agree on whether such a test should be administered, much less what it should look like, most discussions of educational theory are worse than useless (no offense intended).

What actually happens in education is that methods based on the latest theoretical fad
are applied for a while, then discarded in favor of the next fad, regardless of their effectiveness. Meanwhile, students appear to be learning far less than they did during all those centuries when they were lectured to.

Ironically, all the modern theorists were educated by teachers using the archaic methods the theorists deride.

9:11 PM  
Blogger Donald Clark said...

Sort of agree with this but the assertion " students appear to be learning far less than they did during all those centuries when they were lectured to" is not supported by the evidence. In fact the evidence in from Bligh and others would suggest otherwise.

9:51 PM  
Blogger Donald Clark said...

Interesting Tweets on women educational theorists. Montissori a good call, remember - it's not a definitive list, just people I've read and who have influenced my thoughts. Happy to consider others.

11:28 PM  
Anonymous Barbara Dieu said...

Paulo Freire is an important influence in informal education and critical pedagogy even if not well-known in Anglo-Saxon educational circles.
http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-freir.htm

10:05 AM  
Blogger Donald Clark said...

To clarify a few things. First I really welcome these other names. I have:
1. Kept the list to 50 to make it manageable.
2. Kept to within the theoretical tradition I live and work in so no Confucius, Buddha, Mohammed, Al Ghozzali, Ibn Tufayl etc.
3. Not deliberately sought gender balance.
4. Not included policy makers and more political movers and shakers like Jane Addams, Susan Isaacs, Jane Martin and Linda Darling-Hammond.
However, I may extend my list if I have time as Judith Harris has been a huge influence on me and, as I said Friere and Montissori, I plan to include.
Keep the suggestions coming...

10:25 AM  
Anonymous li Whybrow said...

How about bell hooks - perhaps not as well known in Europe either?

12:29 PM  
Anonymous Andy Tedd said...

Donald

Interesting list but I am hugely disappointed that neither Frederic Taylor or Ronald Coase are on your list.

While they are not strictly 'learning theorists' the same could be said of mant on the list. If you're going to have a load of emancipatory guff like Gramsci and Freire in there then you should also acknowledge the real bureucratic world - as well as the failed utopian dreams of educational and constructivist ideology.

Andy

2:39 PM  
Blogger Mark said...

I'll just tell you up front Donald...I see an eBook int he future.

4:35 PM  
Blogger Lindell McConnell said...

I am fascinated by this concept and really look forward to seeing them all.
One suggestion I have is in the informal sphere. This is an area I am becoming more interested in as the &0:20:10 concept starts to gain some more momentum. My suggestion is Robert Baden-Powell (yess the founder of the Scout Movement) who was an early (if not the earliest) proponent of the "learning by doing" concept which he titled the "Scout Method". Maybe not a learning theorist but truly a great educator and practitioner in the learning field.

4:02 AM  
Blogger christian said...

I'm surprised not to see Comenius on your list http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comenius. His ideas were way ahead of his time, at least in the relm of langage teaching.
By the way, I love your blog!

1:22 PM  
Anonymous Preparing2teach said...

Thanks for inspiring a generation of new teachers.

8:48 PM  
Anonymous Moving Company In Waldron MO said...

Fantastic idea, I'll be reading too! Reading your list I found out I have read extensively about some, little about some others and almost nothing on a couple. Does this say something about my preferences, and style of learning/teaching?

Mission Movers

6:29 AM  
Blogger Narayana Rao said...

It is not right to say that education has not given importance to practice during education and it relied only on lectures. Also it is not right to say there is no empirical evidence. There is tremendous advancement in science and technology and if one wants to blame the current education system, it only produced all that development and also produced people who to promote their ideas are trying to talk extremely critically about the current system. While new ideas are always welcome and when they are great existing systems are abandoned, the promoters have to be humble to push their scheme of things.

5:21 PM  
Blogger Narayana Rao said...

Shall read your descriptions of various contributors to education and learning process.

5:22 PM  
Blogger Karen Wilhelm said...

Peter Senge - the learning organization.

2:31 PM  
Anonymous Avishek Misra said...

Congrats - If you can do this well it will become a reference point for future and existing professional to read the blog and get their knowledge enriched.

10:17 AM  
Blogger Marwick Brown said...

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6:52 AM  
Blogger Michael Cannon said...

I am glad I ran across your blog. I am currently enrolled in an Instructional design class online. This topic is just what we are studying now. More comments to come.

5:06 AM  
Blogger Skrywersgilde said...

The Moodle guy is Martin Dougiamas from Perth in Western Australia.

Do you also need an honorary mention of George Siemens as the 'father' of constructivism and MOOCS?

4:53 AM  

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