Saturday, April 21, 2018

Lords report ‘AI in the UK: ready, willing and able?’ Let’s be honest - ready – no, willing – sort of, able not really…

Politicians love a good report. Problem is, we produce them like pills, in the hope that they will make things better, when all they do is act as a placebo. It seems as though things are happening but they ain’t. Whenever we are worried by something, in this case AI, we get a bunch of people, usually well past their sell by date to produce a ‘report’. To be fair this is a substantial piece of work, at 420 numbered sections and 74 recommendations, but it’s all over the place, lacks focus and at times is way off the mark.
Ethics heavy
First, I’m not sure about a document that tries to climb and descend a mountain at the same time. No sooner has something been stated as a way forward, than it’s drowned under a wave of repetitive moralising. Although they wisely stop short at blanket regulations, it full of pious statements about dangers, challenges and ethics. As Hume said, you can’t derive an ought from an is – and that’s exactly what they do, over and over again. It is hopelessly utopian in its assumption, even that AI can be defined, never mind regulated. Perhaps too much is attributed to its efficacy and promise. In the end it’s just software.
Crass identity politics
There’s the usual obsession with identity politics and the idea that bias in algorithms will be solved as follows,  The main ways to address these kinds of biases are to ensure that developers are drawn from diverse gender, ethnic and socio-economic backgrounds. Oh dear – not that tired old idea. All this shows is that the writers of the report have succumbed to the diversity lobby or suffer from a series of human biases, starting with confirmation bias – the confirmation that diversity will solve mathematical and ethical problems. Bias is a complex set of problems in both human affairs and AI – it needs sharp analysis, not Woolworthspick and mix team building. Theres one really puzzling sentence on this that sums their naivety up perfectly.The prejudices of the past must not be unwittingly built into automated systems, and such systems must be carefully designed from the beginning. Put aside the fact that this is largely what the House of Lords does for a living, it
is not even wrong. AI has 2300 years of mathematics behind it – from the first identified algorithm in Euclids Elements, through centuries of theory in logic, probability, statistics and other areas of mathematics. AI is built on the past.
Exploiting AI
The UK has an excellent track record of academic research in the field of artificial intelligence, but there is a long-standing issue with converting such research into commercially viable products. Damn right. They’re once again pained over the age-old problem the UK has on spending oodles of public money on world-class research, which doesn’t translate into commercial success. There is the usual error of equating AI SMEs with University start-ups. Actually, many have nothing to do with Universities. We need to support SMEs with business ideas. Yet where are the people like me, who put their own money and energy into starting an AI company and invest in others? Every AI academic in the land seems to have been consulted, along with many who wouldn’t know AI of they saw it in their soup. We know that our HE system is deeply anti-corporate. To assume that research equals success is a complete non sequitur. We need to encourage innovation AND commerce around AI – not just hose yet more money into Universities.
Usual suspects
Then there’s the usual tired old suspects. First, a Global Summit. Really? Nothing like a junket to advance our AI capability. Then a code of conduct. Yet another one? Politicians do love codes of conduct. Then there is the predictable call for a quango – creatively named the AI Council. Its all so unimaginative.
AI in education
But the worst section by far is the section on EDUCATION. There is a great deal of soul searching about AI in education but only in the sense of teachers and curricula about AI. The big win here is using AI to improve and accelerate teaching and learning. This is what happens when you only talk to teachers about AI. Its all about the curriculum and nothing about actual practice. This is a massive, wasted opportunity. Im selling an AI learning company to the US as I write this. Were already losing ground. Theres something called the Hall-Presenti review – whatever that is. Ive worked in AI in learning for years, run an AI company (WildFire), have invested in AI in learning companies, speak all over the world on the topic, write constantly on the topic – yet have no idea what this is. Thats the problem – Parliament is an echo-chamber. They dont really speak to the people who DO things.

To be fair theres some good stuff on healthcare and a few shells over the bow for defence and autonomous weapons, but it’s a bit tired, pious and lacks punch. It will, of course, fall stillborn from the press.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Dear Donald
Great article. Education/schooling is very conservative, current curriculum really not preparing our kids for the changed world ahead. There will be a lot fewer jobs (traditional route School-Uni-Job) - preparing kids to be mini entrepreneurs online is not in the Lexicon.
Those with kids will have to do it yourselves.