Six adult learning principles
Some question whether adult learning really is so separate that it deserves a separate learning theory. Knowles actually presents very little evidence for this bold assertion, Darbyshire (1993). Indeed, he compares adult learning with a rather outdated account of children’s learning, seeing children as resistant learners, when they’re actually just in a different context with different goals. It is not at all clear that adults are different in having the qualities Knowles claims. It seems odd that there is some boundary between childhood and adulthood where a different set of rules suddenly apply. Adults can be as stubborn, inactive and procrastinate as children.
The recent emphasis on cognitive psychology suggests that efficient learning may not be that very different, even in adults. Others think that the assumptions are too strong and structured and that directed learning is still necessary. It may be the case that adults do not have the drive and motivation to learn without structured help.